History of sports and Types of Sports

A History of sports

The history of sports documented goes back to more than 3000 years. In the starting, sports include the preparation for training or war as a hunter, which explains why so early games include the throwing of stakes, rocks, and spears and sparring one-on-one with opponents.

With the first Olympic games that included tournaments such as chariot races, jumping, foot races, wrestling in 776 BC, and javelin and discus throwing- the Ancient Greeks launched formal sports across the globe. The following is the list of the starting and transformation of a few of today’s most famous sporting pastimes.

List of Types of Sports

History of sports and Types of Sports

Baseball

In 1820-1892 Alexander Cartwright of New York discovered the baseball field as we understood it in 1845. The team of the New York Knickerbocker baseball club and Cartwright planned the first terms and conditions that became the accepted rule for the modern era of baseball.

Cricket

The cricket game started in southeast England sometime in the 16th century. It had become the national sport in the 18th century, making inroads in the 19th and 20th centuries worldwide. The prototype for the modern cricket game showed a cane, and a willow blade handle layered with rubber strips and then tied with twine and covered with another rubber grip layer was discovered in 1853. The longest cricket game was recorded in 1939 and spanned a period of nine days.

Badminton

A badminton game was also called in Ancient Egypt and Greece – a game named shuttlecock and battledore in which two players strike a feathered shuttlecock forth and back with small rackets.

The game was played in the 18th century in India. At that time, it was named Poona. It was accepted by British Army officers in the 1860s stationed in India. The officers took the cricket back to England, where it gained popularity at Duke of Beaufort at his estate in 1873, named Badminton in Gloucestershire.

Softball

George Hancock, in 1887, a reporter for the Chicago Board of Trade, discovered softball as an indoor baseball form that was first played inside the warm Farragut Boat Club in cold winter.

Football

American football is a descendant of soccer and rugby. While Princeton and Rutgers played what was then billed as the first football game in college on 1869 November 6, the game did not come into its own until 1897, with guidelines instituted by a coach or a player Walter Camp at Yale University. 1892, November 12, in a game that pitted the AAA or Allegheny Athletic Association of football team against the Pittsburg Athletic club, William or Pudge Heffelfinger was given $500 to participate and marking him as the first expert football player.

The first formal laws for basketball were planned in 1892. Players of football ball up and down a court of unspecified dimensions. Scores were earned by landing the ball in a peach. A hammock-style and iron hoop basket were launched in 1893. One more decade passed before the discovery of open-ended nets put an end to the retrieving practice of manual balling from the basket every time a point was scored. The first shoes were well-designed for the game. All stars were launched in 1917 and soon became popular by legendary player Taylor who became a brand ambassador of these shoes in the 1920s.

 Hockey

While the exact invention of ice hockey is yet unknown, the game has transformed from the centuries-old Northern European game of hockey. The laws of modern hockey are built by Canadian James Creighton. The first game in 1875 was played in Montreal, Canada, at Victoria Skating Rink between a team of two nine players and showed a flat circular piece of wood that was a prototype for what might eventually transform into a modern hockey puck. In today’s era. Barring fines, each team has six people on the ice at a time, including one who guards the net, the goalie.

Governor General of Canada named Lord Stanley of Preston inaugurated the Hockey challenge cup of Dominion called today in 1892 as the Stanley Cup to know the best team in Canada every year. The first reward went in 1893 to Montreal Hockey Club. The rewards were opened later to both American and Canadian league teams.

Boxing

The earliest proof of boxing might be seen in 3000 BC in Egypt circa. It is a sport that was launched in the 7th century during the ancient Olympic games. At that time, forearms and boxers’ hands were bound with soft leather thongs for protection purposes. Romans afterward traded in leather thongs for metal-studded cestus or gloves.

After the Roman Empire fell, boxing died out and didn’t come into the picture till the 17th century. The English planned amateur boxing in 1880, designating five classes: Feather not exceeding 126 pounds, Bantam not exceeding 119 pounds, Middle not exceeding 161 pounds, Light not exceeding 140 pounds, and heavyweight, if any.

When boxing made its Olympic entry in St. Louis in 1904, the United States of America was the only nation that entered, which, and it took all the medals home. As it was initial admittance to the Olympic program, boxing was included at all of the subsequent games, and only the exception was the Stockholm games in 1912, where boxing was outlawed. Sweden was not only the fisticuffs were not permitted, for the best deal boxing was not said a legitimate sport in America in the 19th century. Bare-Knuckle boxing was considered a criminal activity, and boxing games were raided by police often.

Tennis

While there is proof to advise that ancient Romans, Egyptians and Greeks played a few forms of a game that shows tennis, court tennis as we understand it is descended from a game enjoyed by French monks named Paume, meaning palm, in the 11th century. Palm was played on a court, and the ball was struck with the hand, as the name suggests. Palm transformed into a game of the palm or Jeu De Paume in which racquets were used. Racquets demonstrated by 1500 gut strings and wooden frames were in play, as were balls made of leather and cork. When the famous game spread to England, it was played indoors but rather than volley the ball back and forth. Tennis players tried to strike a ball into a netted opening in the court roof. Englishman Major Walter in 1873 Wingfield discovered a game named playing ball or greek name Sphairistike from that modern tennis was discovered.